Bootstrap vs Google Material Design Lite – Which one is Better?

Bootstrap vs Google Material Design Lite

Bootstrap vs Google Material Design Lite

Bootstrap vs Google Material Design Lite – Which one is Better?

The success of the project depends on the technology used for the development process. This is the era of the latest and advanced technologies where everyone is in the race of achieving better business prospects by maintaining the huge client base. Bootstrap vs Google Material Design Lite is the hottest topic in the internet among web developers

Today, customers are more conscious about their brand reputation, which can only be established when they use the high-tech development platforms to deliver unbeatable business solutions. It has been analyzed that business enterprises using traditional development platforms are getting less business in comparison to the businesses using the latest technologies.

It is so, because, people have become smarter and want to have a website that has been designed with robust structure and advanced functionality. 

Nowadays, Bootstrap and Google’s Material Design Lite are considered the best & reliable website and web app development platforms that provide out of the box development facility to the developers.

Google’s Material Design Lite

Material Design Lite is a designing language invented by the talented team of Google. It is an advanced designing platform which enables you to add material design look & feel to your proposed websites. With this platform, you will find many elements that are included in the Material Design Lite (MDL) library to develop data-driven and highly interactive applications & websites. To be specific, it can be stated that this platform does not rely on any JavaScript frameworks and always promotes website design optimization on multi-browser compatibility. One of the best part of it is that it is a bunch of Vanilla JavaScript and CSS which never aim towards dependencies and make it awesome for website development.

Earlier mentioned that Bootstrap entirely depends on the JavaScript frameworks. But, in the case of MDL (Material Design Lite), you don’t need any JavaScript frameworks and libraries to design and draft the websites. Rather, this designing platform provides a material design framework that helps to create various innovative components such as cards and badges. Further, in terms of appealing templates and color-correction, Material Design Lite is admired for its customization as many designers have started creating their customized components to take the project beyond the expectations.

Twitter’s Bootstrap

Introduced by Twitter, Bootstrap is a Java, HTML and CSS framework admired for designing the front-end websites and web applications. It is a free open source web framework which supports easier and faster web development. It uses CSS and HTML based templates in order to design the components with typography, buttons, forms and navigation. It is also open for supporting optional JavaScript extensions. Additionally, Bootstrap gives you the facility to build responsive layouts by utilizing fewer efforts.

At present, Bootstrap denominates itself as one of the most popular CSS, HTML and JavaScript frameworks accredited for developing the responsive and mobile first projects for the quality conscious clients. It includes the documentation for HTML, CSS, advanced grid system and jQuery which help users in recognizing each fact related to development. Due to the perfect coding documentation, it has become one of the sought-after options that many companies have adopted it to design & facilitate their CMS themes.

Comparison between Bootstrap and Material Design frameworks:

Serial No.FeaturesGoogle’s Material Design LiteTwitter’s Bootstrap
1Introduction:Invented by the Google Team.Introduced by Twitter.
2Purpose:Helps to add material design look & feel to the websites.Used for designing front-end websites and web applications.
3Designing TechniquesMaterial Design Lite strictly follows the defined pattern of Material Design Concept which consists of plenty of information regarding breakpoints, metrics, typography, animations and the other codeable values.


It is an open source web framework which supports easier and faster web development.
4CustomizationNo doubt, you can customize the MDL, but, it may result in losing the concept of Material Design throughout the project.


Bootstrap works like a base language that can be easily customized as per the project requirements.


5DependencyApplications based on MDL run on npm and bower package managers. And, it runs independently.


It has the jQuery dependency.


6FrameworksIt supports the JS frameworks of Angular Material and React Material User Interface.


Always supports JS frameworks such as React Bootstrap and Angular UI Bootstrap.
7Supportive LanguagesIt is built using the SCSS preprocessor.


It also uses LESS (a dynamic style sheet language) & SAAS (syntactically awesome style sheets) version to build websites.


8Components AvailabilityMDL has no external dependencies as it always requires the plain Vanilla JavaScript.


For Bootstrap, various third-party widgets and extensions are available. It is just because of its stability and dominance across the market.


9Design ProcessIt requires Gulp to build all the design processes.


Uses Grunt to build and run processes.


10Components SupportMDL is supported by a number of components such as mega footer, cards, toggle switches and slider inputs that are not applicable for Bootstrap.


Bootstrap supports components such as popover, panel, thumbnails, breadcrumb, wells and inline alerts that are not available for the Google’s Material Design Lite.


11ExtensionsAs Google recently introduced MDL, so, it has less number of extensions in comparison to Bootstrap. But, its community is growing rapidly, so users can expect more extensions in the future.


Apart from the bower and npmpackage managers, Bootstrap is also available on composer manager.


12Browser CompatibilityMDL is fully supported on all the major browsers such as Chrome, IE 10+, Firefox, Chrome for Android, Opera and Safari Mobile.


When it comes to the browser support, it ensures compatibility with all the major browsers. It has also maintained a backward compatibility up to Internet Explorer 8.


13Base FontApplications built on MDL uses the base font Roboto.


Solutions based on Bootstrap usually have the base font named Helvetica Neue.


14Color VariationsWith this development platform, developers can have the color variations usually in two color shades.


Users can also visualize color variations in the Bootstrap websites as these are built using context based colors such as info, primary, warning and danger.


15File Size SupportThe file size of Material Design Lite applications is ~27KB that is pretty neat and has the latest MDL version (v1.0.0).


The file size of a Bootstrap application depends on its jQuery that can be built (v3.3.5) version up to the gzip file size of ~64KB i.e., including jQuery and ~31KB i.e., excluding the jQuery.


16LayoutMDL has fewer components than Bootstrap. The difference is that they are focused on building applications having modern material designs. These components come with beautiful default styles and amazing animations.Bootstrap has the advanced grid system which includes column wrapping, offsets, reordering and hiding of columns.
17CommunityHowever, MDL has recently been introduced in the market, but it has already become popular in the industry.It’s been years Bootstrap has introduced. Due to its early introduction, it has gained an enormous community where N numbers of plugins, themes and blog posts have been produced.

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